Wang Yu is senior researcher at department of Architecture and Planning, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). His research is focusing on the fast urbanization and its impacts on urban inhabitants, heritage conservation and urban resilience. He also holds a part-time position at rector’s office for NTNU-China cooperation. Since 2021, he has been appointed as deputy head of the department for research.
Should you pick up a topic, among the several which characterize your impressive experience that you feel more closely related to the decarbonization mission, which one you could say?
How can we deliver an inclusive, beautiful, justice and sustainable urban future in a climate neutral society
Based on your academic and professional background, what is the main contribution you feel to provide to the worldwide urgency to reduce greenhouse gasses emission?
It is urgent to reduce the GGH emission, but it also needs to ensure the high quality of space and urban environment. I.e., high quality placemaking within low GGH emission.
According to your experience which one are the main challenges China has to face to reach its “dual carbon goal”?
In my understanding, it is difficult make a transition to climate neutral society. Both China and EU are making the pathway and roadmap on this transition. But no one hasn’t finished yet.
China and Europe have a long history of close and fruitful cooperation about climate change and environmental protection issues. Which are the more peculiar strengths of China and Europe in the path towards decarbonization?
I am architect and urban planner. I am not an expert on EU-China cooperation on climate change. But I was involved in EU-China cooperation on sustainable urbanization. I believe, in order to make a green transition, both EU and China have to change the building sector fundamentally. I think at building sector there has a big potential for cooperation.
More specifically, in your sector of competence, which mechanisms and actions could be implemented to create virtuous synergies between China and Europe to reach carbon neutrality?
A: 不得不承认，当前欧盟与中国的合作正在恶化。中欧过去在研究和高等教育方面有着非常紧密的联系。在欧盟的 H2020 计划中，中国科技部与欧盟建立了联合资助项目，以支持中欧合作。我希望能够在最新的欧盟研究计划 Horizon Europe 中恢复联合资助。
I have to admit the current cooperation between EU and China is getting worse. EU-China used to have a very strong connection on research and higher education. In EU’s H2020 program, China’s Ministry of Science and Technology had established a joint funding with EU for supporting EU-China cooperation. I hope the joint co-funding can be resumed in the newest EU’s research program Horizon Europe.
Carbon neutrality is a target which required holistic approach and integrated actions by all the stakeholders. It should tackle not only technical matters, but also new economic development model and social aspects. China Europe Carbon Neutral initiative by its Scientific Committee & Expert Advisory Board aims to be a platform to gather these expertise then share potential solution. Which advices and proposal you feel to share for its development and operation?
China is in a top-down regime that would be great if the committee can give advice to the high level decision makers in China. The board can share more info about China’s policy/actions/projects about climate neutrality to the EU.
In the latest years, since the National New Style Urbanization Plan, China’s urban development was already taking a different path. Nowadays, because of several new challenges, (COVID pandemic, 2030/60 dual carbon goal) further adjustment are required. Which key drivers can you foresee now for China’s urban development?
The steady and strong economy growth determines the future of urbanization. It is urgent to recover the economy and remain growth. In the meantime, transition to green economy is necessary which can balance the economy growth and decarbonization.
You have spent many years in Europe, particularly in Norway, a country which is also facing the challenge of a shift from a fossil fuel oriented economy to a new model driven by innovation and environmental friendly targets. Which best practice and approaches could be successfully shared between the Norway and China then transferred in the other country by a proper localization process?
I think both China and Norway are facing the same problems.
Therefore, to work together and learn from each other is the best way.
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For more information and further details please write to: [email protected]
ChinaEurope Carbon Neutral Technology aims to support and substantially contribute to China’s path towards carbon neutrality in a holistic and inclusive way by gathering all the stakeholders and creating solutions for each challenge.
China Europe Carbon Neutral Technology will play an active and innovative role in providing services to conceive, shape, design and accomplish the transitions needed to achieve carbon neutrality.