Emily Luo is Senior Strategy Advisor of VELUX China; Board Member of Danish Chamber of Commerce in China; Fellow of Global Climate Innovation & Governance Center; Deputy Secretary General of the MNC Forum for Carbon Neutrality. Emily has a wealth of experience working with Nordic companies and countries, familiar with Nordic industries and cultures. She has served for Innovation Norway at Norwegian Embassy and the Danish Chamber of Commerce in China over the past two decades.
Emily worked for VELUX China since June 2019. As a strategic advisor of the company, she is dedicated to promoting the concepts and practices of sustainable growth in China , ranging from sustainable buildings Active House to carbon neutrality and Danish healthy lifestyle; integrating advantages of Nordic and Danish enterprises into China’s dual carbon goals to help China’s high-quality growth.
Should you pick up a topic, among the several which characterize your impressive experience that you feel more closely related to the decarbonization mission, which one you could say?
Low carbon of Natural life. 8 billion Habitants live on the earth right now, the fast increase of population and industrial emissions, cause air pollution, water pollution and chemical pollution etc., which very badly impact our living environment; The high-consumption and high pollution model of life style is becoming the killer of the earth and human beings; therefore, we have no time to wait. At VELUX we are fully understand the urgency. For decades, we have highlighted the importance of bringing day light and fresh air into buildings. This has become even more important during the pandemic. That is way sustainability is now a key priority in our new corporate strategy.
According to your experience which one are the main challenges China has to face to reach its “dual carbon goal”?
A: 中国实现双碳目标，最大的挑战是在保障能源安全的同时，推动低碳可持续发展。能源转型是一个循序渐进的进程，既是机遇，也是挑战。在推进能源转型成功，并保持经济社会稳定可持续增长方面，欧洲有很多好的经验可以借鉴。举个例子，在过去几十年的绿色转型中，丹麦的GDP增长了80%多，但是它的能耗却下降了14%，二氧化碳排放和水消耗分别下降了约40%。到2030年，丹麦计划淘汰煤电，实现100% 的可再生能源电力，90%供热系统去化石能源。丹麦是一个小国家，但是对应对气候变化有坚定的承诺，努力推进全球合作，共同应对气候变化的挑战。为此，2021年，丹麦发布了丹麦能源转型倡议，旨在能在世界各国建立更加绿色能源系统道路上助一臂之力。
Energy security is the main challenge. For the long term, I think it is contradiction between Energy transition and economy growth. To succeed in energy transition while keeping GDP growing sustainably, Europe have many good examples that can be shared at this point. For example, in its green transition in the past few decades, Denmark’s GDP has grown by more than 80% but its energy consumption has dropped by 14% and both CO2 emission and water consumption have decreased by around 40%. By 2030, in addition to phasing out coal power generation, Denmark plans to surpass 100% renewable energy for electricity and 90% fossil-free district heating, which is a major energy end use in such a Nordic country. Denmark is a small country but it is fully committed to work together with the global community to raise ambitions and fight climate change. In 2021, Denmark also launched the Danish Energy Transition Initiative, which seeks to help countries across the globe on their path towards greener energy systems.
More specifically, in your sector of competence, which mechanisms and actions could be implemented to create virtuous synergies between China and Europe to reach carbon neutrality?
Building account for nearly 40% of total greenhouse gas emissions. It makes transforming the way we design, build, operate and dismantle buildings a critical part of achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. Collaboration and academic exchanges in construction sector between China and Europe are very important. New buildings must be designed and built to minimize CO2 emissions over their lifetime, including the carbon embodied in materials. Europe have gained many experiences during the process of green transition. For instance, one of the awards for building in Denmark, was granted to a new building made by entirely of old materials. We only have one earth without “Planet B”, sharing and learning with each other is definite the way to go.
Carbon neutrality is a target which required holistic approach and integrated actions by all the stakeholders. It should tackle not only technical matters, but also new economic development model and social aspects. China Europe Carbon Neutral (CNEUCN) initiative by its Scientific Committee & Expert Advisory Board aims to be a platform to gather these expertise then share potential solution. Which advices and proposal you feel to share for its development and operation？
Carbon neutrality is very comprehensive, there are many disciplines involved. China Europe Carbon Neutral (CNEUCN) is a good platform to gather scientists, entrepreneurs, government officials, stakeholders, to go into practice, so that the advanced technology can be localized in China.
As a global leading company on green construction sector, what does VELUX do?
For more than 80 years, the VELUX Group has created better indoor environments by bringing daylight and fresh air into buildings all over the world. Our products help create bright, healthy and energy-efficient places to live, work, learn and play in.
As a global pioneer in implementing a unique strategy of carbon neutrality tracing back to its founding, VELUX Group has embarked on an unprecedented journey towards 100% renewable electricity, zero-plastic packaging and historical emission capture.
VELUX built Demonstration buildings for future housing. Experimenting is in the DNA of the VELUX Group and conclusions from our full-scale building experiments show that it is possible to build sustainable and healthy buildings using the standard materials, methods and technologies that are available today.
By monitoring these buildings and studying the interaction between them and their occupants, we have created a blueprint for future housing that offers solutions to some of the most important societal and environmental issues.
There are some green building standards from Europe, why Active House?
A: 威卢克斯是丹麦主动式建筑“Active House“（AH）的全球倡导者，拥有 独特的可持续和碳中和战略。公司在中国已有30多年的历史，积极将AH的理念和最佳实践带入中国。
Velux is a Denmark-based global leader in “Active House” (AH) with a unique strategy for sustainability and carbon neutrality. The company has been in China for over 30 years now, actively bringing the concepts and best practices of AH into the country.
ACTIVE HOUSE Alliance registered in 2002, it is an NPO in Brussels, includes 50 entities globally, International Architect and many famous firms and representatives in the architectural field worldwide. On 16 of June 2015，invited by European Alliance Committee, AHIA became a member of No.1 Working Group in the General Framework Agreement, on EU Building Environmental Verification Index.
Nowadays people spend on up to 90 per cent of their time indoors. Yet indoor air is five times more polluted than outdoor air. Living in mould and damp buildings can increase the risk of asthma and other health problems. Therefore, buildings that benefit both people and the planet are essential for the sustainable development. It requires relevant stakeholders to join hands and work out a solution from a long-term perspective.
Adhering to a people-oriented approach, AH focuses on energy conservation, productivity and being environmentally friendly while improving the health and well-being of building residents. We have established Active House Academic Committee affiliated with the Architectural Society of China as a national platform to promote solutions and best practices for AH, formally registered in 2017, and launched Chinese version in 2020. So far, it has built hundreds of buildings based on AH standards in China. We have created AH China Research Institute for low carbon building design. We have run AH Growth Academy to advocate healthy and active living with inspiration from Nordics. Indeed, we believe sustainable building like Active House is a future building concept to protect our earth home.
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For more information and further details please write to: [email protected]
China Europe Carbon Neutral Technology aims to support and substantially contribute to China’s path towards carbon neutrality in a holistic and inclusive way by gathering all the stakeholders and creating solutions for each challenge.
China Europe Carbon Neutral Technology will play an active and innovative role in providing services to conceive, shape, design and accomplish the transitions needed to achieve carbon neutrality.