刘畅博士任职于中规院（北京）规划设计有限公司， 国际遗产学学会副秘书长，联合国教科文组织非物质文化遗产学术编委会委员，中国-欧盟可持续城镇化项目北京办事处执行负责人。自2014年加入中国城市规划设计研究院，致力于文化遗产保护、城市规划、城市有机更新、碳中和等方面的研究和实践工作。作为课题负责人和执行负责人 (Principal investigator)，先后执行了国家自然基金，欧盟委员会“地平线2020”及中国科技部政府间国际合作等项目，积极推动可持续城市创新平台的搭建，探索中国城市的高质量发展路径。
Dr. Liu Chang works in the Chinese Academy of Planning and Design (Beijing) Co., Ltd. At the same time, she is also the deputy secretary-general of the International Society of Heritage, a member of the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Academic Editorial Board, and China-EU Sustainable Urbanization Project Beijing Office Executive.
Since joining the China Academy of Urban Planning and Design in 2014, she has devoted herself to the research and practice of cultural heritage protection, urban planning, urban organic renewal, and carbon neutrality. She has participated in the “Horizon 2020” of the European Commission and the intergovernmental international cooperation project of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China. As the principal investigator of the project, she actively promotes the establishment of a sustainable urban innovation platform and explores the high-quality development path of Chinese cities.
Should you pick up a topic, among the several which characterize your impressive experience that you feel more closely related to the decarbonization mission, which one you could say?
After I joined the China Academy of Urban Planning and Design (hereinafter referred to as “CAUPD”) in 2014, I did a lot of work focusing on the protection and promotion of cultural heritage against the background of urban development, and I was lucky to meet people from great teams all over the world. In the past work, I clearly realized that decarbonization in the process of urban development and cultural heritage protection are inseparable. In terms of immovable cultural relics, which are mainly tangible entities, ancient Chinese people have injected the concept of energy saving and environmental protection into the creation of ancient buildings; in addition to tangible heritage, there are also many intangible cultural heritages, such as ceremonies, celebrations, festivals and handicrafts etc., all contain many concepts of sustainable development. These heritages not only pay attention to the economic development of the region, but also pay attention to the positive effect of the heritage itself on the environment and society of the local community. The ancients called these concepts “the unity of man and nature”. In modern society, we are pursuing low-carbon, sustainable development, and even the popular ESG. In fact, our ancestors have already set a good example for us.
Based on your academic and professional background, what is the main contribution you feel to provide to the worldwide urgency to reduce greenhouse gasses emission?
China’s carbon peak carbon neutrality “1+N” top-level design document pointed out that green, low-carbon and high-quality development of urban and rural construction will be a crucial part of China’s “dual carbon goals” in the future. However, most of the existing policies focus on energy. It is undeniable that technological breakthroughs and promotion of clean energy are the focus of low-carbon development and the key means to achieve the dual-carbon goals. In 2017, we received funding from the European Commission’s “Horizon 2020” fund program and launched the “China-EU Sustainable Urbanization Innovation Platform” project. In addition, we also received the support of the intergovernmental international scientific and technological innovation cooperation project mechanism of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, and launched the “New Technology Research and Development of Digital Urban Planning” project in 2018. Among these topics, digital technology is used as the main means to solve the thorny problems caused by rapid urbanization. During the implementation of the project, we found that there are very few research contents on the combination of low-carbon development and cultural heritage. Although we pay attention to hot topics such as transportation carbon emissions, energy utilization, and building energy conservation, the high-quality development of urban and rural construction cannot ignore cities. historical cultural genes. Therefore, in our research topic, the research group set up research on urban planning information technology, and proposed to use ICT to better protect the cultural heritage in the city. The research content includes the digital urban planning index system, which as the research basis becomes the base of the digital urban planning technology integration platform. The platform includes a series of important data in the city, including traffic data, behavioral big data, resource data, etc. The platform support cloud computing to realize smart planning and management of the city. We hope that the platform can add carbon emission detection, accounting, and monitoring related sections in the future to improve the efficiency of urban low-carbon development.
This is the contribution brought by modern digital technology. In addition, I would like to talk about it from the perspective of cultural heritage protection and development. As mentioned earlier, the heritage contains countless wisdom of the ancients, such as low-carbon energy-saving technologies in building materials and building structures. Of course, there is also the wisdom of the spatial layout of the city. For example, the ventilation pipes in the gates of Huizhou folk houses in Wuyuan, Jiangxi Province are automatically formed when the doors are opened for ventilation in summer. Another example is the main entrance of the theater in Sanfang Qixiang in Fuzhou City, which is located on the east side. After entering the gate, there is a rockery in the garden. This layout is due to the southeast wind in Fuzhou. Making the above-ground buildings underground and lowering the temperature is the “air-conditioning” in ancient China that does not use electricity. There are many experiences worth learning from.
The low-carbon wisdom contained in the spatial layout of Three Lanes and Seven Alleys
More specifically, in your sector of competence, which mechanisms and actions could be implemented to create virtuous synergies between China and Europe to reach carbon neutrality?
A: 我很荣幸在欧盟“地平线2020”基金以及中国科技部的支持下，获得与中国、欧洲的顶级研究团队共同合作的机会，并担任课题的主要研究者（Principal Investigator）一职。当时加入到课题中的欧洲团队包括奥地利科技研究所、意大利系统集成研究所、意大利都灵理工大学、德国德累斯顿工业大学等科研机构与院校。课题的重要参与人Massimo Bagnasco先生，他作为我们所有研究课题的子课题执行人，在课题存续期间为我们中欧双方的合作承担了至关重要的桥梁作用。
I am honored to have the opportunity to work with top research teams in China and Europe with the support of the European Union’s “Horizon 2020” fund and the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, and to serve as the Principal Investigator of the project. The European teams that joined the project at that time included the Austrian Institute of Science and Technology, the Italian Institute of System Integration, the Politecnico di Torino in Italy, and the Technical University of Dresden in Germany and other scientific research institutions and colleges. An important participant of the project, Mr. Massimo Bagnasco, as the sub-project executor of all our research projects, played a vital role as a bridge for our cooperation between China and Europe during the duration of the project. Through project cooperation, China and Europe will conduct research on issues such as digital applications, cultural heritage protection, and sustainable urban development in the context of urban development, and strengthen dialogue, exchanges, scientific research, innovation, and technology exchanges in the field of urbanization between China and Europe building up channels, platforms and mechanisms for cooperation. In the past few years, we have organized seminars, conferences, co-authored scientific papers, and organized academic delegations to Norway, Iceland, Belgium and other countries for exchanges. At the same time, we released a series of reports and papers as the results of the project. Now that these topics have been concluded, I am looking forward to new projects that we will start again in the future around the topic of cultural heritage and carbon neutrality.
Massimo Bagnasco先生出席课题活动 – 与比利时欧盟委员会科研创新总司交流
Mr. Massimo Bagnasco attended the project activities
Communication with Directorate-General for Scientific Research and Innovation of the Belgian European Commission
Carbon neutrality is a target which required holistic approach and integrated actions by all the stakeholders. It should tackle not only technical matters, but also new economic development model and social aspects. China Europe Carbon Neutral Technology (CNEUCN) initiative by its Scientific Committee & Expert Advisory Board aims to be a platform to gather these expertise then share potential solution. Which advices and proposal you feel to share for its development and operation?
Carbon neutrality is a very long road, and there are many technical, social, economic and other related issues that we need to solve one by one in this process. China Europe Carbon Neutral Technology (CNEUCN) has built a platform for all walks of life, so that people from different disciplines and different social groups can gather together to discuss solutions to carbon neutrality. While realizing the sharing of goals, CNEUCN also disseminates information related to decarbonization, which promotes the effective promotion of carbon neutral knowledge and concepts.
Urban renewal is considered an inevitable requirement for high-quality urban development. How do you think low-carbon development can be combined with cultural heritage in this wave of urban renewal?
The rapid urbanization of the past few decades has neglected the important role of culture in cities. Due to construction requirements, heritage buildings have been damaged to varying degrees, and it is not uncommon for them to be completely demolished. At the same time, more and more people are pouring into cities or new urban areas, leading to the decline of the original historical villages and blocks, while the local heritage buildings and traditional cultural customs are gradually dying due to the loss of population and lack of vitality. When we talk about low-carbon development, it is easy to focus on carbon emissions. However, it is not scientific enough to blindly emphasize emission data. We should pay more attention to whether people’s production and lifestyle have moved towards low-carbon, green and healthy. The direction of science turns and whether local communities rejuvenate and prosper culturally. This is why I have been emphasizing the organic influence of culture as a lever on urban renewal in my project practice in recent years. In our urban planning projects in Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, and Jingdezhen, Jiangxi Province, we emphasized the importance of emerging cultural and creative industries and low-carbon economy to achieve low-carbon development, and made major adjustments to land use and regional spatial layout. Promote low-carbon development in the region from the source. The most important thing is that we study history and heritage, and rediscover the low-carbon wisdom left by many ancients. In the process of urban renewal or high-quality urban construction, we should all look back at their wisdom and experience, and learn from heritage Find the right path for low-carbon development.
All countries are boldly exploring in the field of low carbon, so far, everyone has gained certain experience in previous research and practice. In your opinion, what issues will China and the EU cooperate on in the future?
The most important of course is technology sharing. Technology, as the primary productive force, should be placed at the top of future cooperation and exchanges. Technology pioneers and opinion leaders from different fields and countries should actively share and disseminate the latest low-carbon knowledge and information. Secondly, in terms of cultural heritage protection, we should also pay attention to international cooperation and exchanges in the field of low-carbon development. We must realize that low-carbon development is a long-term process that requires the participation of all sectors of society and the formation of a high degree of consensus. Therefore, we should not limit any possible cooperation between China and the EU. We should actively promote the interaction between teams from academia and industry, and rely on the platform built by China-Europe decarbonization technology to allow the free flow of low-carbon resources between China and Europe. In addition, I also want to use the platform of CNEUCN to appeal and speak out as much as possible, so that more people can pay attention to the positive role of cultural heritage in the process of low-carbon development and urban development, and let more people know about heritage,the importance and need for conservation.
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For more information and further details please write to: [email protected]
China Europe Carbon Neutral Technology aims to support and substantially contribute to China’s path towards carbon neutrality in a holistic and inclusive way by gathering all the stakeholders and creating solutions for each challenge.
China Europe Carbon Neutral Technology will play an active and innovative role in providing services to conceive, shape, design and accomplish the transitions needed to achieve carbon neutrality.